Have you ever considered how substance usage can result in bodily complications? Or, to be more specific, how does alcohol affect the immune system? Alcohol has the ability to harm your liver, brain, and heart, but did you know that it also has an impact on your blood cells? True, and the effects of alcohol misuse on the body can be devastating.
Blood Cells and Alcoholism
White and red blood cells are the two types of blood cells. White blood cells are required for infection resistance, while red blood cells are required for energy and oxygen transfer. The bone marrow is in charge of producing both white and red blood cells. The ability of the bone marrow to create such cells is harmed by alcohol misuse, leaving a person fatigued, weak, and vulnerable to infection.
Excessive drinking, on the other hand, can lead to the death of both white and red blood cells. Platelets, which are crucial for blood clotting, are also produced by the bone marrow. When you have a bloody nose, blood clotting is what causes it to stop bleeding. Excessive bleeding and strokes might occur as a result of this impact.
Bone Marrow Suppression Is Linked To Anemia And Other Illnesses
Heavy alcohol usage can cause bone marrow suppression, which can lead to disorders like Myelodysplastic Syndrome, which is characterised by mutated cells, and Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, which causes blood in the urine and is deadly to 50% of those diagnosed. Anemia can also be caused by a lack of bone marrow. Anemia is defined as a low red blood cell count, and because red blood cells transport oxygen to the body's organs, it should be a cause for concern if you or someone you care about drinks alcohol.
“Alcoholism is the most common cause of thrombocytopenia.” NIAAA Bone marrow damage was common in 30 different alcohol-dependent persons brought in for detox, according to another study by the National Institutes of Health; however, it is reversible. This might be a thing of the past with the right therapy.
Low Red Blood Cell Count Is One Of The Symptoms Of Anemia
Lightheadedness Fatigue Pale Skin Shortness of Breath
Symptoms of Leukopenia–Low White Blood Cell Count: Dizziness, Fast Heartbeat
Rash from Fever and Chills
Swollen Glands Diarrhea
Low Platelet Count Symptoms
A Closer Look At Alcohol Abuse Gums or Mouth Bleeding Easy Bruising Tiny Red Spots on the Skin
So, how much do we know about alcoholism? A person who abuses alcohol may consume alcohol on a daily basis and lose control each time, or they may only consume alcohol on weekends. It makes no difference because both are kinds of alcohol misuse.
Alcohol use disorder is defined as "when a person's drinking causes stress or injury," according to a Harvard University study. In the same survey, they discovered that 10% of adult men and 5% of adult women suffer from an alcohol use disorder. For many of us, this is a very personal issue, especially because alcohol is the second most abused drug in the United States, with over 88,000 people dying each year from alcohol-related causes.
Alcoholism and Other Related Disorders Treatment
To paraphrase the NIAAA's explanation of bone marrow suppression, someone who drinks alcohol for a long time can lower blood cell counts and suppress their immune system response. We can assist you if you are concerned about the negative effects of alcohol and want to learn more about bone marrow suppression. There are 17 million persons over the age of 18 who are addicted to or misuse alcohol.